The Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra) grows to a massive 60-100 feet in height and can live to beyond 200 years. These trees are a host to between 300 and 500 insect species depending on your location. That is more than any other species of plant in the world! It's benefit to wildlife is crucial as well providing food and cover to endure long cold winters.

This tree species does very well with transplant and usually makes itself comfortable in moderate soils with less acidic soils.  Quercus rubra is part of the Fagaceae family (beech family). They have an extensive growing range from USDA Zone 4 to Zone 8. These trees are extremely tolerant to periods of drought and help reduce air and soil pollution. The Northern Red Oak is also tolerant to Juglone produced by the Black Walnut tree.

This is a no maintenance tree. After a few weeks of helping your seedling establish in it's new home, there should be minimal interaction beyond initial establishment. Deer and other wildlife use these trees to forage upon, so some protection while the roots get established can be helpful so they are not pulled up by critters that are hungry. These trees will benefit them much more upon establishing. Deer have always been one of the best de-forestation animals when populations are high. Hence why having healthy wolf and coyote populations is mutually important.

Standing alone, this is one beautiful tree. I hope with everyone's busy lives that you can always take the time to appreciate the beauty that is waiting outside your door each day. We're only starting to understand how these plants change the way the world as we know it works. Thousands of intricate things are going on inside a forest that keeps us living a normal existence. 

The Northern Red Oak is native to the following areas:

 USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WVCanada: NB , NS , ON , PE , QC 

Besides being the king of host plants, this tree is also the most widely used for flooring, furniture, millwork, railroad cross-ties, mine timbers, fenceposts, pilings, and pulpwood.   

Planting other beneficial woodland plants with these beautiful trees will help bring an abundance of creatures to your area. If we don't give nature a chance, it's going to be a rough ride.

Written by: Matthew Swank

Owner: Lupine Gardens, LLC